The word is nice and simple, but the pronunciation can trip up learners. The g in the middle of the word is pronounced differently to either of the g sounds in most English words. The word is often shortened to is, which still means and, but the shorter form might just fit into the rhythm of the sentence better. And sometimes the word is shortened to nothing more than an s-sound, as words are run together in speech.
The word is used just as its English equivalent. Traditionally, the Gaelic equivalent of the ampersand (&) was similar to the numeral 7 and is still to be found in Ireland, especially where Celtic-style script is used. It is occasionally used in Scottish Gaelic handwriting, especially when taking quick notes in the language.
The traditional abbreviation can be found in the Gaelic form of etcetera in books. It comes in two forms: 7c and 7rl. The 7c form is a hybrid of Gaelic and Latin while the 7rl form is a more emphatically Gaelic abbreviation. It stands for agus ra leanntainn, which means “and following on”.
In modern spoken Gaelic, the phrase for etc is is mar sin air adhart, meaning “and like that onwards”.